Truck loading tips to save fuel

One of the biggest contributors to fuel efficiency (or lack thereof) is the operator behind your wheel loader’s controls. Energy efficiency may vary between different operators using the same equipment in the same application.

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Charger size. Truck size. Bucket size. Site layout. Conditions underfoot. They all affect the amount of fuel consumed by your load and carry operation. But one of the biggest contributors to fuel efficiency (or lack thereof) is the operator behind your wheel loader’s controls. Energy efficiency may vary between different operators using the same equipment in the same application.

Good traders know that every move counts. And even small movements can add up, resulting in slower cycle times and wasted fuel. Here are seven truck loading tips to share with your loader operators to ensure they get the most out of every drop of fuel they burn.

1. Engage the material at the bottom of the pile, then slowly curl the bucket and raise the boom arms to the top.

This technique not only helps reduce fuel consumption, it can also help you avoid costly component damage, wheel spin and tire wear.

2. Be loaded and in position as the truck approaches.

Always make sure your loader is straight, not hinged, when digging in the face – this puts less stress on the machine.

3. Stay in first gear while charging.

First gear offers the best balance between ground speed and hydraulic speed. Want to use second gear? You may be too far from the face or the truck – move closer.

4. Work left to right to create a pocket for the truck to back towards you at 45° angle.

If you have to do 180° turns with each pass to move your loader perpendicular to the truck, you slow cycle times and waste fuel. A 45° The angle allows you to create a tight v-pattern between the material, your kingpin and the truck. Your tires should not rotate more than 1 to 1.5 times in either direction. The shorter the rotations, the better. Note: When parallel digging, which typically requires a right to left feed, locate Truck 15°-20° from the perpendicular to set up your V pattern. Then follow these same techniques.

5. Don’t quite complete your turn as you approach the truck.

Instead, leave your loader slightly articulated, about 5°. So when you shift into reverse, you are already in your turn. Moving your pivot point closer to the face can save you up to a second each cycle.

6. Center the material in the truck bed while loading.

If you are working with large rocks, try to start with at least a smaller bucket of material on the first pass. This cushions the larger rocks ahead.

7. Take advantage of technology.

Today’s chargers come with several features to help maximize operating efficiency. A few examples: Eco mode maintains rimpull and torque from first gear, allowing you to quickly load the bucket while digging the pile. There is no effect on cycle times, but there can be a significant reduction in fuel consumption. Autodig puts the machine in control of most of the digging cycle, optimizing engine speed and torque to save fuel. And mobile weighing systems — like Cat The payload, which can speed up cycle times by up to 10%, helps you get the right payload on board every time.

Interested in other truck loading tips that can help your operation save fuel and improve productivity? Check out these suggestions for your excavator operators.